This section is about heating methods, though some of the technologies covered also provide cooling capability. Climate control and HVAC are covered separately.
In a domestic environment, biomass heating usually means a wood fuelled heating system, although other fuels can sometimes be burnt. Wood fuelled heating systems either heat a single room or can be used to power central heating and provide hot water. Typically they burn wood pellets, chips or logs. This form of heating is eligible for Renewable Heat Premium Payments and the funding which will become available from the Renewable Heat Incentive. You are only eligible for a grant if your pellet stove is installed by a registered installer.
Ground Source Heat Pumps
A Ground Source heat pump works like a fridge in reverse, taking heat from the ground, concentrating it and then releasing it in your home. Beneath the surface, the ground outside stays at a fairly constant temperature (around 12ÆC), so a ground source heat pump can be used throughout the year. Most modern heat pumps also automatically adjust to the weather outside. When the external temperature drops the heat provided by the system increases.
By installing a ground source heat pump it is possible cut heating bills and emissions by up to 30% for houses that are currently heated with gas and up to 70% for those using oil or electricity.
Renewable Heat Premium Payments
The Renewable Heat Premium Payments (RHPP) scheme provides a one-off grant towards the cost of installing a renewable heat generation technology in your home, such as a heat pump. The grant is between ©300 and ©1,250 depending on the technology. The grant is currently available to any UK home using a suitable fuel system and will be available until the Renewable Heat Incentive is phased in during the Spring of 2014.
Renewable Heat Incentive
The Renewable Heat Incentive (RHI) is a new scheme providing a regular payment from the government per unit of heat you generate using renewable heat generation technology. Payments will be made quarterly for 7 years, by which time the technology should have paid for itself. This scheme is currently under consultation by the government and will be available from the Summer of 2013. Those that qualified for the RHPP will also qualify for the RHI when it is implemented.
Now covered in a separate stove section.